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民国十五年张作霖陆海军大元帅纪念银币

2019-05-31 20:38 消息来源:未知

张作霖(1875年3月19日-1928年6月4日),字雨亭,汉族,奉天省海城县驾掌寺乡马家房村西小洼屯(今辽宁省海城市)人。著名爱国将领张学良的父亲。张作霖乳名老疙瘩,他喜欢别人叫他“张大帅”。

  张作霖自幼出身贫苦农家,参加过中日甲午战争,后投身绿林,势力壮大,清政府无力征剿,就将其招安。张作霖协助清廷剿灭杜立三等土匪势力,后又消除蒙患,维护国家统一,逐步提升,先后担任奉天督军、东三省巡阅使等,号称“东北王”,成为北洋军奉系首领。成立东三省陆军整理处  。与孙中山、段祺瑞及卢永祥结成同盟 。第二次直奉战争胜利后,张作霖打进北京,任陆海军大元帅,代表中华民国行使统治权,成为国家最高统治者。在位期间曾多次抵制日本人的拉拢,拒绝签订卖国条约。1928年因前线战事不利,张作霖被迫返回东北。

 

 

 

 

 

 

尺寸:直径39mm  克重26.7g

民国15年张作霖戎装像陆海军大元帅纪念银币是最终没有发行的样币,面值壹圆,天津造币厂铸造。正面图案为张作霖戎装半身像,上端书“陆海军大元帅”字样;背面中央图案为“纪念”二字,以及旭日、嘉禾,以示国运昌盛,外圈上下分别书“中华民国十五年”年号和“One Dollar"英文面值,并间有花星,现上海博物馆有藏。天津造币厂分别在民国十五年、十六年、十七年铸造了三款大元帅纪念银元,都是镜面底板试样,没有发行,存世仅见样币,均极为稀少,且雕刻精美,工艺精湛,堪称民国人像银币的领军性银币,大名誉品。

1926年4月,张作霖击败冯玉祥,段祺瑞下台,张作霖直接全面控制北洋政府。1927年6月,张作霖在北京就任北洋军政府陆海军大元帅,成为国家最高统治者,并组成北洋军阀统治时期第三十二届、也是最后一届内阁。存世以张作霖肖像制作的纪念币共三种:民国十五年正面戎装像,背面为嘉禾;十六年肖像同前,背面为龙凤黼黻团;十七年正面便装像,背面为五色旗与十八星旗图案。铸造时间恰与其势力鼎盛时期相符。应是1926年张作霖实际掌权后,天津造币厂开铸其肖像纪念币。

此币为十五年版,人物造型极其传神,雕工精美度无可比拟,并伴有鲜有的五彩宝光,保存极其完美,又为光边无齿样,极其难得。十五年版是机制币藏家的追梦,在历年拍卖中皆有高价创出,可见张作霖像纪念币在专业藏家心目中的地位。

现此枚张作霖陆海军大元帅民国十五年纪念银币存于深圳市雅翠堂文化,静待有缘泉主!

In the fifteenth year of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin, Lu Haijun, Marshal

Zhang Zuolin (March 19, 1875, June 4, 1928), the word rain pavilion, Han nationality, Xixiaoyu (now Haicheng, Liaoning Province), Majiafang Village, Kaizhangsi Township, Haicheng County, Fengtian Province. The father of the famous patriotic general Zhang Xueliang. Zhang Zuolin is a famous old man. He likes to call him "Zhang Dashuai".

Zhang Zuolin was born in a poor farmer's family. He participated in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, and later joined the green forest. He became a powerful force, and the Qing government was unable to levy it. Zhang Zuolin assisted the Qing court in annihilating Du Lisan and other bandits, and later eliminated the Mongolian problem, safeguarded the national unity, and gradually upgraded. He successively served as the Fengtian Warlord and the Eastern Three Provinces, and was known as the "Northeast King" and became the leader of the Beiyang Military Department. Established the Army Division of the Eastern Third Province. Formed an alliance with Sun Yat-sen, Duan Qirui and Lu Yongxiang. After the second direct victory in the war, Zhang Zuolin entered Beijing and served as the Grand Marshal of the Army and the Navy. He represented the Republic of China and exercised the right to rule and became the supreme ruler of the country. During his reign, he repeatedly resisted the Japanese people’s enthusiasm and refused to sign a treaty of traitorous countries. In 1928, due to the unfavorable frontline war, Zhang Zuolin was forced to return to the Northeast.

Size: diameter 39mm gram weight 26.7g

In the 15th year of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin dressed up as the Grand Marshal of the Navy, commemorating the silver coin, which was the final unissued sample currency. The face value was round and the Tianjin Mint was cast. The frontal pattern is a bust of Zhang Zuolin, the upper-end book "Land Marshal", the central figure on the back is "commemorative", and the Rising Sun, Jiahe, to show the prosperity of the National Games, the outer circle of the book "15 years of the Republic of China" The year number and the "One Dollar" in English, with a flower star, are now in the Shanghai Museum. The Tianjin Mint created three Grand Marshal commemorative silver dollars in the fifteen, sixteen, and seventeenth years of the Republic of China. They were all mirrored baseplate samples. They were not issued, and they only saw sample coins. They were extremely rare and well-carved. Exquisite craftsmanship, can be called the leading silver coin of the Republic of China, such as silver coins, great reputation.

In April 1926, Zhang Zuolin defeated Feng Yuxiang, Duan Qirui stepped down, and Zhang Zuolin directly controlled the Beiyang government. In June 1927, Zhang Zuolin became the Marshal of the Beiyang Military Government in the Beijing Army, became the supreme ruler of the country, and formed the thirty-second and final cabinet of the Northern Warlords. There are three kinds of commemorative coins produced by Zhang Shilin's portraits: the front face of the Republic of China in the fifteen years, the back is Jiahe; the sixteen-year portrait is the same as the front, the back is the dragon and the phoenix group; the seventeen-year front is a casual dress, and the back is a five-color flag. Eighteen star flag pattern. The casting time is exactly the same as its heyday. It should be that after Zhang Zuolin actually took power in 1926, the Tianjin Mint opened its portrait commemorative coin.

This coin is a fifteen-year version, the character is extremely expressive, the exquisite workmanship is unparalleled, accompanied by the rare multicolored treasures, the preservation is extremely perfect, and the light side is toothless, extremely rare. The fifteen-year edition is the dream of the mechanized coin collectors. It has been created at high prices in the auctions over the years. It can be seen that Zhang Zuolin is like a commemorative coin in the minds of professional collectors.

Now Zhang Zuoling, Lu Haijun, Grand Marshal, the 15th anniversary of the Republic of China, commemorating the silver coins in the culture of Shenzhen Ya Cuitang, waiting for the owner of the spring!